Jones fracture metatarsal treatment broken small bone foot

An unfortunate movement, taking a wrong step or your foot gets jammed can result in a fracture. Your foot has a delicate bone-structure and is highly sensitive for getting a fracture. It can happen to anyone at any time. The outside of the feet will swell and hurts whilst there is no concrete provocation for it. Because it can give only little pain it might not so easily be recognized as a fracture. What are the symptoms and how is it treated? 


Unusual movement

A regular occurring situation is when we make a mistake with the number of stairs. You think you already are at the bottom but you still have one stair to go. You take a wrong step which gives too much pressure on the joint. It can mean that your ankle gets sprained but can also result in a small bone fracture in your feet. It also can happen when you get your foot jammed between something or if you kick something too hard. Many reasons can provoke you having a fracture. Where will this fracture occur and how can you sense it?


Position of the broken bone

In the extension of the small tow half way the foot the fifth metatarsal is located. If a rupture or fracture occurs good treatment will depend on how it is caused and if it is recognizable or not. A foot smashed between a door resulting in pain and swelling of course is a good indication that something might be wrong. But recognizing it isn’t always as forward as this. This broken bone is called a Jonas fracture.


Distinction between swelling and fracture

With a fracture we always expect much pain but it doesn't always have to be that way. There will always be a swelling because a rupture isn't something small and will irritate surrounding tissue. It gives a local or complete swelling of the foot. Many times people think it is a bruise or contusion but in fact it can be a broken bone. Some patients on the other hand can experience serious pain so that it is recognized immediately. In both cases a photo will need to be made to make sure it is a contusion, rupture or fracture.   


How is it treated?

If the break is uncomplicated your foot will be rapt within a plaster splint. Normally the fracture is completely healed within 45 days (80% of the patients). Because this part of the body sometimes has slow blood flow, the recovery can take time. Especially with athletes a surgery will be preferred as it speeds up the healing process. In normal cases surgery can also be used if the plaster didn't give the right result.



With a standard fracture the foot may not be moved to improve recovery. The break will grow together without complications. It means that your foot and ankle need to remain in the plaster so that it can heal with time. After one and a half month you can walk normal again. If your foot begins to swell it can be a fracture. It needs time to heal before you can use it normally again. If you have any doubts about your swelling or pain go to your general practitioner or hospital for further medical advice.



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